Berm Monitoring System

Continuous monitoring of berms

Berm Monitoring System (BMS) Illustration

The Design

The BMS has a 360° capability that continuously monitors the berm height and position in a dynamic environment where these characteristics change constantly as the waste dump advances.  Safety berms forms part of the critical control measures to ensure that haul trucks do not reverse over the berm. Non-compliant berms are identified and an alarm will be raised through the software application to ensure the berm is restored to the required height.

functionality icon vector


The BMS is a trailer mounted or fixed installation system with a battery bank that ensures uninterrupte­d power supply and a mast that holds the laser. The trailer can be deployed level within 10°. Communication is done by means of an integrated on- board Wi-Fi systems to the control room or any other remote PC. The Human-Machine Interface (HMI) is a web based platform that is displayed on the on- board PC as well as any other remote PC. A georeferenced aerial image which displays the BMS coordinates is used in the HMI. Up to six systems can be displayed on the HMI, where each system can be assessed individually to view the health of the system as well as the scan data collected.

The status of the berm being scanned will be displayed in green or red, dependent on height, position and criteria of the berm.


Together with the personnel in the control room and the dozer operator, the BMS forms a closed control circuit whose task is to prevent and, if necessary, repair non-compliant berms.

Alarm Icon 1 - BMS Functionality


When detecting and identifying non-compliant berms, the BMS engages an alarm that is sent to the control center automatically.

Instruction Icon 1 - BMS Functionality


The responsible personnel in the control room sees the alarm on the BMS website and gives instructions so that appropriate repair measures can be initiated if necessary.

Repair Icon 1 - BMS Functionality


The bulldozer operator repairs the corresponding berm and reports the repair back to the BMS.

alarming icon vector


Once a berm has met non-compliant criteria, that is site specific, an alarm will be triggered in the control room. The coordinates of the non-compliant berm is also communicated to the control room to ensure that the berm is rectified to the standards as well as to avoid the area.

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Technical Specifications

Height requirements

10cm within the measurement range of 400m


0°C to 45°C

Range (min and max)

10 meters – 400 meters

Scan intervals

between 3 and 11 minutes range dependent

Scan envelope


Operating systems

Windows 10 or Windows Server
web interface
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Berm Monitoring System (BMS) product illustration

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